Category Archives: Europe

From Plus to Europlus:

apple_ii_plus_europlus_s
Yet an another Apple ][ Europlus rescued… i couldn’t help myself even i really don’t “need” any more of these. I don’t even usually use pre Apple //e models that often.. But we all hobbyists know how it is, don’t we?

Production details:

  • APPLE II – MAY 1977 > MAY 1979 – A2S1 – BLACK & WHITE label from 0001
  • EUROMOD – ???  1978 > AUG 1980 – A2S2 – BLACK & WHITE label from 500.000
  • PLUS – JUNE 1979 > DEC 1982 – A2S2 – GREEN & WHITE label from 0001
  • EUROPLUS – AUG  1979 > EARLY 1983 –  IA2S2 – GREEN & WHITE label from 600.000

Production/assembly started in Cork, Ireland, in mid 1980.

 

Apple II europlus:

serial_s
Case serial : A2S2-29471

This seems to be originally Plus-model and upgraded to Europlus to be used in Europe before the Europlus was introduced. The Cork, Ireland, factory indeed started operating in Mid 1980 so this predates that. The actual Cork made europlus would have IA2S2-prefix and serials starting from 600000.

 

board_date_s
Main logic board serial : 8005

 

revision_four_s 
Main logic board Revision 4 (with 16K memory blocks)

 

slot_seven_2_s
Slot 7 have the sticker glued on “This slot only for euro color PAL/SECAM card. Do not use any other card”

 

chips_s
ROM chips (from late 1978 to late 1979).

ROM model/date/code:
ROM F8 = 7943 341-0020-00
ROM F0 = 7919 341-0015-00
ROM E8 = 7906 341-0014-00
ROM E0 = 7903 341-0013-00
ROM D8 = 7907 341-0012-00
ROM D0 = 7851 341-0011-00 

 

Other materials:

apple_ii_plus_setup_s
-Disk II inferface card (clone)
-Epson printer card with cable 
-1/2 height 5.25″ floppy drive (Model: GYE 55-A)
-The Applesoft Tutorial (book) 1979
-Apple II reference manual (book) 1979
-Basic Programming reference manual (book) 1979
-Pair of Paddles (16-pin)

 

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple II Europlus Forever.

Nu tittar vi närmare på Apple ///

logo_s

Found recently a Swedish microcomputer magazine issue, “Mikrodatorn – Nr. 3 April 1981”. It had preview/test of very early Apple /// with 96k. Those were imported to Sweden by Gylling System-Elektronik AB who later also published a lof of Apple II and /// Software and manuals translated to Swedish. I have few of those catalogs already (scanned at archive.org).

This short article is now scanned at:
https://archive.org/details/NuTittarViNarmarePaAppleIIIMikrodatornNr3April1981Swedish

Always looking to find more Nordic Apple II and /// material (software, hardware, manuals etc)!

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple /// Forever.

 

Apple Plot med Apple Plot Kurvor Och Diagram:

002_s

Recent find, this time nice sealed software with Swedish manual (to be scanned):

Apple Plot (Sealed)

-Manual (English)
-Apple Plot Kurvor Och Diagram (Gylling & Co. AB, 1981, In Swedish)

 

001_s

Apple Plot is a program that allows you to create, manipulate, display and print graphs and charts.

 

003_s

I didn’t open the shrink wrap and test the floppy. I do however have the floppy and manual already in my collection.

 

Hope to find more Nordic Apple II and /// material!

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple II Forever.

 

My Nordic Apple ///

closeup_keyboard_1_s_s

One thing i’ve wanted to find for ages, but with such a little luck so far, was Apple /// that would have the localized keyboard (Swedish/Finnish) but those have been oddly difficult to find. Apple ///’s were not by far popular (business) computers in Nordics area and most ///’s seem to have have.. failed and recycled long long time ago.. 

In Sweden, they must have sold more ///’s than elsewhere in Nordics area as they did produce and translate software manuals in Swedish. I have few software packages that have Swedish manuals included in the package. This makes me wonder, what other products there might have been released?

But yes, patience is a virtue.. and i was finally able to find one! With the strike of luck i was able to locate one from Sweden and it was very kindly, shipped to me.

The case is in fairly good condition but naturally some yellowing is evident. There’s some sticker glue residue that should be easy to clean off as well one sticker that have fell off and reveals much lighter color beneath it. The Apple /// logo oddly seems to loose it’s color so often but it’s easy to repaint with silver paint pen.

..and with the ///’s, one should not expect to have stable unit.. very easily.

DETAILS AND SPECIFICATIONS:

bottom_plate_s
Bottom pan metal – “wavy” kind = early A2S1-era of models.

keyboard_layout_s
Swedish/Finnish keyboard layout is quite different from the typical US model.

apple_iii_keyboard_swedish_s
Swedish/Finnish-layout:

apple_iii_keyboard_us_s
US-layout:

 

serial_s
Serial number: A3S1-020817
12v, 128k model originally according to the serial label. It looks like it’s been upgraded to 256k (markings)so the board would have been upgraded to 5v as well.

psu_back_codes_s
Regular european power supply: PSU 220VAC | 50-60HZ | 0.5AMP
Should really replace the powersupply with universal powersupply from reactivemicro.

OPENING AND CLEANING:

Just basic cleaning to be done before testing.

I opened the case and removed things that actually can be removed. The Apple /// case is one heavy construction that weights about 12 KG when assembled. The only parts that come off easily are : the top case (plastic), keyboard cover (plastic) and the keyboard assembly itself, floppy drive, the main logig board (with the base pan attached) and the power supply (with base pan attached).

case_empty_opened_s
The rest of it is the very heavy, one piece, casing that holds all these components. I don’t know what they were thinking when they designed this case – it makes so little sense to create such closed enclousure without basicly any ventilation holes anywhere. Not even for the power supply, expect in back, but if you have four cards installed… no holes anywhere. They might have been thinking passive cooling with the basicly one-piece heavy metallic enclosure but.. it just doesn’t work very well.

apple_iii_arrived_condition_s
Top case:
Removed the top case and cleaned it. Some label-off spray was good choise for removing the sticker glue residue. There were also one sticker that was obiously removed and underneath the plastic was lighter in color. Only Retr0brightning would solve that one if would retr0bright whole enclousure. It doesn’t bother me that much really. It is kind of mark of the past, lived life.

case_empty_opened_keyboard_s
The keyboard seems to be missing few screws underneath the case. Need to find replacements for those. Used some wipes and compressed air to get rid of all that dust and crust from the there. I was lazy at this point to actually wash the keycaps (will do so before putting it back together…). The spacebar seems to have some issues as it seems to lock down from left side easily. Need to investigate that mechanism how it works and give it good cleaning.

main_logicboard_s
Removed the board from the case and investigated it. It looked fine and normal. While it was removed, it’s always good idea to press down all the chips.. (remove static electricity first or use the wrist band) and clean it up with isoprophyl alcohol if available.

upgraded_chips_logicboard_s
The board was originally 12v model but it was upgraded to 5v operation by swapping few IC’s at locations:
C11 (341-0044 > 341-0061)
C13 (341-0042 > 341-0063 (for 256K memory board)

position_r58_modification_s
Also the location R58 have been modified as it’s clearly been desoldered.

“Also the R58, which is located just above location C13. On a 12-volt logic board a 27 ohm, 1/4 watt resistor will be present. On a 5-volt logic board R58 will be missing and a solder bridge will connect the small solder pads on the logic board under R58’s mounting position on the board.”

ram_expansion_5v_256k_s
As the main logig board was upgraded to 12v > 5v – the memory board were upgraded to 256k 5v board.

 floppy_drive_s
Just removed the protective cover and the analog board, cleaned it with compressed air and some parts with isoprophyl alcohol. The read-in head was really amazingly clean, but cleaned it as well.

internal_floppy_drive_serial_s
Floppy drive serial nnumber.

 psu_manuf_date_s
Power supply ooked really clean. Made in week 51, 1980. The protection around the power cable seems bit worn, but i’ll put an another layer in top of it for time being.

apple_logo_s
Repainting the logo. Silver paint pen is great for this. Paiting with slightly dry tip of the pen gets it done. Easy fix.

 

So.. let’s hope it works….

 

SOME BASIC TESTING:

12-volt models have diagnostic’s in ROM so that’s what it goes into when it’s botted without the disk. It passes it OK.

first_hardware_test_ok_s
I tested booting the /// with the test disk, “Confidence test”. It booted fine and tested the system without any issues. The RAM test went thru nicely, i didn’t however run it with extensive period of time in this point but long enough to see if there would be any instant issues.

However when rebooting, sometimes the unit feels like it’s not receiving enough current so it seems to fail loading the screen and it get’s all messed up. Also some buzzing sound (getting louder) could be heard. I think all ///’s make strange noises..  Also the keyboard light seems to have been burned off. That means when the unit is started, it goes directly to the diagnostics mode and in order to boot it, one needs to hit reset+control to boot it. The burned lightbulb does not prevent using the computer, it’s just annoyance.

But i went for the safe way and ordered the proven, high quality, “universal power supply” from reactivemicro.com.  It’s very easy to install and you can order new connection cable as well. Should receive it in few weeks, i hope.

adjusting_the_drive_speed_s
I kept testing the unit with known risk of the power supply releasing the “magic white smoke” anytime.. and realized the floppy drive might need some mainantace, so i just did what i’ve done with my other ///’s. Started with obious reasons, swapped the IC “CA3146” and it helped the loading process. Then adjusted the speed and the disk hardware test went thru just fine. Booted also the Apple ][ Emulation mode and “Oidzone” the game by Michael Packard, played fine. It’s still picky when/what type of disks it would read..

adjusting_knob_s
Adjusting the drive speed: 

logo_repainted_s_s
The original logo was worn off so i painted them with silver paint pen. It wasn’t perfect and might need some rework, but it’s pretty ok so far.

wap_disk_keyboard_files_s

After i found the Swedish/Finnish -keyboard layout file (apple3.org: APPLE-3-WAP-SYS-02B.dsk) i tried to make working disk that the Nordic one would read. No dice. It just wont read them! I does read mostly all other floppies i have made for the ///’s but the new ones, no. Odd. ADTPro works with Uthernet II but for some reason when i try to Receive the file, it crashes ($A01). All hardware tests are ok. After a while (kept it running for longer time) it starts to refuse booting, giving random video errors and characters on screen. This is a sign to put it aside, and wait, for the Universal power supply to arrive. I could.. of cause, borrow one power supply from an another /// of mine. Let’s see if i get around doing so. 

What is left to be done?
-Install the new Universal Power supply.
-Keyboard light bulb replacement
-Test the keyboard layout.

 

NORDIC MATERIAL WANTED!

I hope to find more Nordic Apple /// software and manuals etc. I have the devices to preserve the materials either by scanning or reading floppies to disk images (.dsk/.ar2/.woz) with Applesauce.

Any help is very much appreciated with this task. It would mean a lot for me.
Thank you.

 

LINKS:

Apple3.org 
https://www.apple3.org 

Universal Power Supply
https://www.reactivemicro.com

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple /// Forever.

Apple III PFS report med Handledning för användaren:

booklet_and_keyboard_s

Found an nice boxed copy of “FPS: Report” for Apple ///. What makes it interesting (to me) is that it’s complete set (it looks like it) and it’s localized version and have two manuals in Swedish. These localized materials are very interesting to me.

 

box_opened_s

PFS: Report (Apple ///)
-Two software floppies “Report”, “Softwork”
-FPS: Software Catalog
-FPS: Report – Manual (Ringbound, In English)
-FPS: Report – Handledning för användaren (Two Swedish manuals/are the same)

 

The disks are now imaged to .dsk and .woz and available in “ususal places”.

I’ll scan the Swedish manual when i finally.. someday, do receive the new book scanner i’ve ordered.

 

These kinds of finds keep me going with this hobby!

Please contact me if you have more Nordic Apple II or /// software, manuals – or anything.

 

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple /// Forever

My first Apple //e

monitor_box_s
I found from storage, few boxes i seem to have kept from the first Apple //e i got. I got it somewhere around 2010 or so, i can’t really remember. I was meeting this one guy where i was picking actually some vintage Macintosh stuff like IIfx etc but he had also the //e for sale and he ended up making good offer for it as well so i bought it. I had not seen or touched Apple II before as they were not that popular among young people back in 80’s. Finland was really a “Commodore Country”. I got the things packaged in boxes for Monitor II and Imagewriter. 

monitor_box_s_1
The Monitor II came in it’s original box. Just could not throw it away even i’m not per say, box collector. Just don’t have the storage space for them.

printer_box_for_apple_iie_s
The Apple //e came in Imagewriter box. Why not. Fits there nicely.

labels_s
Original shipping information. OY Mercantile AB imported Apple/Macintosh to Finland in 1980’s.

my_first_apple_iie_s-copy
The Apple II i bought was obiously used non enhanced Apple //e with Swedish/Finnish keyboard, two Disk II’s (only one worked actually), Monitor II and some (sealed) manuals, user guides and some disks. I think i got original VisiCalc-set as well. That was my first touch with Apple II’s.

manuals_s
Nice sealed manuals.

user_guides_s
And few more.

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple //e Forever.

 

European Apple //e models:

 

set_of_four_euro_apple_iie_s_1
Apple //e was released for PAL markets somewhere in early 1983 and they were assembled in Ireland and continued untill end of the production of “International NTSC” – Platinum model.

Just few pictures, comparison and information about the Apple //e PAL models assembled in Ireland,  localized and sold all over the Europe.

Apple //e “early”

early_case_s
-“Early model” with different, II+ styled case.
-820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 
-Color killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB.
-All chips socketed.
-Slightly different serial number sticker in bottompan.

 

early_serial_s
Serial number : A2AS2-100190  
A2S2064D [ ]
A2S2064F [ ]
A2S2064P [ ]
220v, 50Hz, 0,5 Amp. 825-0472-A (label) (Assembled in Ireland) 

Apple //e

6502_case_s -6502 CPU (non enhanced) 
-820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264/0288
-Color killer switch near RHS of PCB.
-All chips socketed (not entirely true, this actually varies).

6502_serial_s
Serial number : A2AS2-342241
A2S2064D [ ]
A2S2064F [ ]
A2S2064P [x]
A2S2064T [ ]
220-240V, 50Hz, 0,5 Amp. (Assembled in Ireland) 

Apple //e 65C02

65c02_case_s
-Assembled in Ireland enhanced models were marked “65C02” instead of “enhanced”.
-820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264
-PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65C02 (may have old ROMs and 6502).
-RAM & some TTL soldered in.
-Layout same as above. 

65c02_serial_s
Serial number : A2AS2-365486
A2S2064D [ ]
A2S2064F [ ]
A2S2064P [x]
A2S2064T [ ]
220-240V, 50Hz, 0,5 Amp. (Assembled in Ireland) 

Apple //e 65C02 Platinum

platinum_case_s
-Same old regular //e case but beige colored. Not as Platinum in North America.
-Beige colored keyboard.
-Assembled in Ireland enhanced models were marked “65C02” instead of “enhanced”.
-Different board: “International NTSC”
-Different boards i have:
-S-607-0288-D | 840-0188-E 1986/1987 (c)
-B-607-0288-D | 840-0188-E 1986/1987 (c)
-B-607-0288-C | 820-0188-C 1986/1987 (c) 
-Not same main logic board PCB design as regular North American platinum board.  AUX-slot is alligned with slot #3 just like in regular earlier //e logic boards.
-Different model number.

platinum_serial_s
Serial number : A2SA2-928023 
A2S2080D [ ] 
A2S2080F [ ]
A2S2080P [ ]
A2S2080T [ ]
220-240V, 50Hz, 0,5 Amp. (Assembled in Ireland) 

I am not sure what those product codes stand for but i feel free to assume the following:

D = German
F = French
P = UK
T = Italy

Looks like if the model was localizaed for any other than above markets, they did not mark the model with anything. My Swedish models have no markings whatsoever. For which areas the localizations were done, i do not know..

Please correct me if my assumptions are inaccurate or you have more information of anykind releated.

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple //e Forever.

Apple II finds:

picked_up_some_apple_ii_materials_s
Just for the sake of history:
I got these parts locally from a guy i once bought Apple II europlus several years ago. These belonged to his father who passed a way few years ago. He was real electronics professinal and hobbyist. He’s house was covered with all kinds of electronics stuff from tubes, amps, guitars, computers, you name it – he had it or could build or repair it. I’ve never seen so much electronics in one place. Not even in shops.

mpf_iii_keyboard_swefin_s
I was lucky to get the MicroProfessor III (MPF-III) keyboard (localized, Swe/Fin) and hope he’s able to find the whole unit as well someday. MicroProfessor was made by Multitech (later known as ACER) and it was close to, but not, 100% clone of Apple II+ or //e (48k(64k). I really hope to get complate working set of this model to my collection!

 

paddles_bebek_closeup_s
Common Atari-styled paddles. What makes it interesting for me, is that they have stickers from “Bebek” on them. Bebek was and still is, electronics shop operating since 1970’s. They sold some Apple II clone products back in the 1980’s. The owner of the Bebek-stores was family friend of the owner of these Apple II materials.

all_tapes_s
Nice set of original Apple and ITT, tapes.

floppy_drive_and_controller_s
Slim, half-height floppy drive, controller card and some (CP/M i believe) floppies. I have few of these drives and they are nice and quiet when operated. Specially nice for the clone modes if you have such.

multitech_mpf_310_cpu_schematics_s
There were LOTS of photocopied manuals, books and schematics. This is for MPF-III-310 model.

tape_2_insert_s
Chinese pirated games on tape! How cool is that? They might have sold these back in the 80’s quite openly in electronics stores..

card_1_s
Appears to be ALF MC16 -music card clone.

corvus_card_s
Corvus interface card (for hdd?).

all_things_s
All that there were:

Apple II+ clone case with lid
Several binders full of Apple II-documentation
Radio Shack Catalog – 1990
Slim floppy 5.25″-drive
Disk II interface-card (clone)
Paddles (Bebek-labeled)
Joysticks (2 pcs) of different condition
Some 5.25″ floppy disks (CP/M software)
The Apple II Circuit Description-book
ALF MC16 -sound card (clone)
Corvus interface card (HDD?)
Few Apple stickers
Macintosh 512k keyboards (3 pcs)
Multitech MPF-III keyboard Swe/Fin 
Synthetizier cable for Apple II 
Software tapes:
Apple:
-Renumber/Append | Alignment Test Tone (600-2024-00)
-Color Demosoft | Little Brick Out (600-2023-00)
ITT:
-Basic Test Program 16K | Ram Test
Chinese pirated tapes:
-Catch | Star Avenger
-Choplifter | Sea Fox

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple II Forever.

Apple //e : “Early PAL”

I was looking for suitable Apple //e with atleast: case, lid, bottompan and keyboard for the Apple //e->IIgs upgrade project.. and this one was offered to me and the first pictures looked that it was really reasonably clean and nice non enhanced //e. Perfect candidate for the hack!

received_the_early_e_s
After receiving more pictures of it, it was clearly notiseable that it was “early model” with similar case used with Apple II/II+’s, that is totally different material and the good thing with it is that it doesn’t yellow. So no retr0bright process is needed. I had one of these early //e’s before but that was North American NTSC model. I never had or seen these early PAL models before so i got more interested. I actually never thought there were this “early” PAL model been manufactured in Europe but when you think of it surely they must have. I don’t know why but it had flied under my radar the whole matter. Glad to realize and learn new things.

I received the unit after a week and cleaned it up, took closer look of it and did some repair work as it was needed to get it running.

THE CASE:

compare_cases_s
Early model vs. later //e cases.

compare_cases_top_s
from top.

compare_cases_sideways_s
from side

 

compare_cases_back_s
from backside

date_on_case_s
These painted II+ styled cases are nice as they do not yellow. So it was easy to just put the unit in parts and washed the case, the lid and the bottompan. Notised it had stamped date inside of the case when it was made: “JUN 30 1982”.

serial_number_bottompan_s2
Serial label from the bottompan. Not the missing A2S2064 T – model number as it appeared soon after. Also the label had it’s own code 825-0472-A.

THE MOTHERBOARD:

removing_rust_fiberglass_pen_s
There were quite a bit rust on the screws that held the case and the motherboard in the basepan. I used some Coca-Cola to remove the rust, it worked somehow. Also the connectors on back were quite rusty a well, specially the paddle/joystick port and video output. The fiberglass pen is good tool for removing surface rust so i used that (it’s good idea to use respirator).

cleaning_the_rust_s
The result was quite good actually.

board_codes_s
The board revision : 820-0073-A | B-607-0664 (C) 1982.

colorkiller_modification_s
That had Color killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. All chips are socketed. I had never seen this early version before.

serial_number_board_s
The date on it was “1083” (10th week of 1983, March 7-13,1983). 

board_dates_s
..and stamped date of “R8308” so it’s even earlier than what’s those dates would indicate at wiki, if they mean the week they started to implement those changes?

board_closeup_s
There’s also a signature and some number where the an another label with numbers should be.

wiki:
Early : week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Color killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. 
Normal : week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Color killer switch near RHS of PCB. All chips socketed. 
65C02 : week 07 1985: 820-0073   (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65C02 (may have old ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout same as above. 

week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Color killer switch near RHS of PCB. All chips socketed.
-I have few of these revisions but mine doesn’t have ALL chips socketed. Only few sockets.

There were also the Platinum model made in Ireland with “International NTSC”-board on it (these are from my collection):

Platinum : week ?? 1986: 820-0188-C (c) 1986 / 607-0288-C / 8653
Platinum : week ?? 1988: 820-0188-E (c) 1986/87 607-0288-D / 8820
Platinum : week ?? 1988: 820-0188-E (c) 1986/87  / S-607-288-D / 8809

There isn’t any information actually, WHEN, they started the production of the Apple //e in Ireland. This would be really interesting to know. What day/week in 1983 ?

Fixing and diagnostics the board:

white_bars_at_beginning_s2
Some repairing was needed as it would not power up without giving vertical white bars on screen at first. I swapped first chip-by-chip starting from CPU, IOU and MMU but it didn’t make any difference.

random_chars_at_screen_1_s2
Next i swapped the EF-ROM chip (to date code: “8325”) and i got rid of the vertical bars but got screen full of random characters instead. That would usually indicate the board having issue with the RAM chips but i could not figure out what chip at what location was actually bad so i installed the “Apple //e Diagnostic card” and fired that away.

testing_with_diagnostic_card_s
Apple //e Diagnostic card:

error_at_f09_s
It showed that it had error at board location: F09, that’s RAM chip location, so i replaced that.  It’s nice to have such board with all chips socketed.. but no change!  Ah!.. it assumes the NTSC board layout?! I compared to NTSC and PAL board chip locations and realized: F09 = F06 in PAL board. Tried again and got error in board location F12. There’s NO RAM in F12 location in PAL board but comparing the NTSC board again, F12 = F09 in PAL board. I got an another RAM chip and swapped that and everything worked fine.

PROCESSOR:

The main processor was supposed to be regular 6502 but it was clearly replaced with R65C02P3 (450-13 8439). Swapped this to regular 6502 from date code “8309” so it was period perfect fit for the manufacturing date era.

ROM-CHIPS:

rom_chips_s

The Keyboard ROM : 341-0152 REV.A Apple 82 (eprom)
Video ROM : 341-0162 REV.B Apple 82 (eprom)
EF ROM : 342-0134-A Apple 82 ( > swapped to 342-0134-A “8325” Apple 1982)
CD ROM : 342-0135-A Apple 82 “8313”

So all look period perfect for this unit been made in early 1983. If i’d aim for more accuracy i would swap the EF-ROM “8325” bit earlier one from 1983 but that was what i had available.

THE KEYBOARD:

Few of the switches got easily stuck so i cleaned it with electronics cleaner spray and tried to twiggle and press repeatly the switches to get them working. The keyboard was the regular //e keyboard and there is the switch underneath the case for switching the character sets. What made me wonder, when the //e was released they used different keyboard in the beginning, atleast in North America. That keyboard had white letters and looked quite different to this common, later model. I have not however seen any early PAL model keyboards so i am not certain if there were this earlier style keyboard used in Ireland. 

keyboard_pcb_differences_s
The keyboard PCB was clearly different than the later one. The traces were much thinner. Maybe just different keyboard manufacturer.

keyboard_diagnose_errors_s
After cleaning it up i tested the keyboard. The keys “7” and “Open Apple” had issues even all traces seem to be OK – checked that with multimeter. The “7” occationally get’s stuck so hopefully more cleaning and pressing the switch will resolve that matter but for the “Open Apple”, it was all dead. So i swapped the switch (luckily i had one spare left) for it and it worked.

The Keyboard ROM : 341-0152 (REV.A Apple 82) did give me correct versions, Swedish/Finnish and English characters when flipped the switch underneath the keyboard. That was nice it was all original and working.

 

THE POWERSUPPLY:

psu_original_s
The powersupply was the regular, short, gold colored, Astec AA 11040C, 230v 50Hz 0.5 Amp model. Opened it and it looked clean and no caps leaking or bulging. I made the initial testing first with good known recapped //e (longer model) powersupply and tested the original one later. I should have either recapped it or removed the RIFA’s from it.. but this ones goes to collection not for daily use.

DETAILS:
(i like details collected, so this is mainly for safekeeping this information)

Case serial : A2AS2-100190 (Assembled in Ireland)
Case date : JUN 30 1982
Powersupply : Astec AA 11040C, 230v 50Hz 0.5 Amp
Board code : 820-0073-A | B-607-0664 (C) 1982
Board date code : 1083
Keyboard ROM : 341-0152 (REV.A Apple 82)
Video ROM : 341-0162 (REV.B Apple 82)
EF ROM : 342-0134-A (Apple 82) > broken > swapped to 342-0134-A “8325” Apple 1982
CD ROM : 342-0135-A (Apple 82) “8313”
CPU : R65C02P3 (450-13 “8439”)  (>swapped to 6502 “8309”)

Cards : 
-Disk II card (Apple, Made in Ireland)
-Apple //e 80col-64k card (Apple 1985, 607-0103-I)
-Printer Interface card (Taiwanese clone)

80col64kcard_earlier_revision_s
I swapped in an earlier model of the 64k/80-col card : 607-0103-I/820-0067-C (1985) to 607-0103-E/820-0067-B (1981) so it looks more period perfect.

case_early_3_s
All done.

What about my “//e->IIgs upgrade hack project” then? .. looks like this is all too good unit to be sacrificed for the IIe>IIgs upgrade hack project so it goes to my collection directly.. so need to find an another //e for this.

 

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple //e Forever.

 

LINKS:
http://wiki.apple2.org/index.php?title=CSA2_Part_1
http://www.hackzapple.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=8952&sid=ce5e21e35de0066c985d114abc3d14d0
https://www.mac-history.net/apple-history-2/apple-ii/2008-05-25/apple-iii-nd-apple-iie
https://www.applefritter.com/content/apple-iie-serial-number-variations
http://www.harrowalsh.de/APPLEBOX/APPLE2/appleboxkeypage.htm

 

ITT 2020: Offical Apple II+ clone from England:

apple_system_logo_s
Last year I was able to find one of the holy-grails for me, the “ITT 2020”. It was British made Apple II/II+ offical clone made by british company called ITT in England. These do not come across very often and very rarely, they do can be found with any accessories like Disk drives (ITT branded the typical Disk ][ drive with their own logos) or anything else.

itt_disk_and_tape_drives
Not mine. The ITT 2020 branded Disk II drive and tape player.

web_itt_2020_drive_back_s
Back of the ITT 2020 branded Disk II-drive.

web_paddles
ITT 2020 branded paddles.

itt_2020_unit_full_s
Here i can only show few pictures i took before i actually sold it.. I’m now kind of in a market of finding an another again. I released this post just in sake of saving these pictures somewhere.

serial_s
Serial number at bottom.

itt2020_user

The ITT 2020 was an Apple II clone manufactured by ITT under license from Apple Computer (the first licensed clone),  specifically for the European market. In the Benelux, it was distributed by Bell Telephone mfg. company. In the United Kingdom, it was distributed by Microsense Computer Limited. 

The major difference, and the reason ITT believed this personal computer would be a success, was that the color video signal conformed to the European PAL standard, rather than the American NTSC standard. This meant color graphics could be viewed using a standard European monitor or TV set, rather than having to import an NTSC monitor from America or Japan as was the case with the Apple II. ITT sold this computer starting 1979 for only a few years. When Apple Computer started shipping the Apple II Europlus, ITT withdrew from the market, despite the fact that the Europlus did not support color.

ITT also supplied a floppy disk drive that was identical to the Apple II disk drive with 13 sectors and DOS 3.2. They never supplied the upgrade to 16 sectors and DOS 3.3. The drive itself was also painted silver and had ITT logo’s on it (Model SP 2/4). 

The model had an 175-250V  powersupply built by ITT for the european continent usage. It was much bulker and larger than the power supply Apple ][ had.

The case was painted silver matte and the keyboard was black. There were two different styles of the case, one that was shaped as Apple ][ but only painted silver with different logos, and an another that was bulkier and more square one with larger name plate and tag “Apple System (tm”) in the right bottom corner.

The reset switch only worked in combination with the Control key. This was done to avoid the many accidental resets Apple II users complained  about.

itt_2020_board_open_s
The ITT 2020 i got had few cards on it installed;
-Epson Printer card
-RGB-card (modded) and wired to the board.
-80col-card (?)

switches_s
The case have four switched modded into the front panel, under the keyboard, i have no idea what they are supposed to do but they are wired somehow to the RGB-card. Maybe for color or graphics models?

ROM:

The ROM-files are not preserved so far i know of. Atleast i have not been able to find binaries of them anywhere.
ROM-codes are:

D8:341-0022-00
E0:341-0023-00
E8:341-0024-00
F0:341-0025-00
F8:341-0020-00
D0:341-0021-00

Next, even more rare clone i’d like to have, would be the Bell & Howell Apple II+. Be it the next dream of mine as well, the nice German tank, BASIS 108.

FinApple 2018 (c)
Apple II forever.