Category Archives: HDD

Corvus hardisk file transfer:

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I got this super interesting 20MB hardrive made by CORVUS earlier this year among other Apple II and /// hardware. These things were really expensive and reasonably rare specially over here in the Nordic region.

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What was nice that it was 50/60HZ 120V/240V so no need for power converters.

fuse_s

The fuse holder had interesting options from 100 up to 240V.

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Inside view.

 

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Backside view. These can be attached to VCR or an another Corvus unit etc.

There’s lots of switches so first thing first, i looked for manual how to check all the dip switches and switches under the front panel…. at this time i was only intereted what data was on it, if any, and if it actually would work.

The actual data rescue:

This is how i did it. There might be better ways but this is how i got the files out of there. I could have imaged the disk maybe, with ADTpro, but i did want to play around with Pascal, the Corvus software and the Booti-card this time.

-Corvus HDD 20MB with Corvus-interface card in Slot #4
-Booti-card in Slot #2 with USB memory, ProDOS 16MB hdd-image with pre-made folders.

-Boot floppy: “Corvus Utilities for Apple ///”  (had .CORVUS drivers, added .PROFILE .PB3 by Robert Justice) and then Apple /// Pascal disk 1 as it’s Pascal based software.

corvus-hdd-volumes

Just basicly executed the  : VMGR.CODE (Corvus Volume Manager).
-The drive had Pascal volumes on disk that needs to be mounted first. Size can be anything no limits.
-Listed the volumes
-Mounted volume to #x (x = number) i.e. /LASSE

-Filer > Transfer
– /LASSE/=, /USB/= (choose all files from folder and copy).

 

Data and documents:

What were there? Lots of documents about “Sagobyn” (i had to look it up what it was) as well private letters to Lindgren family members. At first i thought these were written by world famous author, Astrid Lindgren herself, but after taking closer look they were actually written by Lena Törnqvist during 1988-1990. Lena Törnqvist is a Swedish literary scholar and librarian, who until 2006 was curator at the Astrid Lindgren Museum.

Sagobyn:
“The idea of creating a ‘story village’ with settings from Astrid Lindgren’s books originally came from the Isaksson,  Jalminger and Soowik families in Vimmerby. In 1981, they built the first house together, Katthult, on a 1:3 scale. Over the years, more settings were added to Sagobyn (the story village), as it was then called, all built on a 1:3 scale. In time, the facility became too big for the three families to manage and they sold Sagobyn in 1989. The change in owner led to the creation of a new company – Astrid Lindgrens Värld AB. Since January 2010, Astrid Lindgren’s World has been owned jointly by Astrid Lindgren Förvaltning AB (91%) and the Municipality of Vimmerby (9%).

We can confirm that when we closed the gates for the 2018 season, Astrid Lindgren’s World had had 10,542,842 visitors from the start of 1981 to today.”

Astrid Lindgren:
“Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren, 14 November 1907 – 28 January 2002) was a Swedish writer of fiction and screenplays. She is best known for several children’s book series, featuring Pippi Longstocking, Emil i Lönneberga, Karlsson-on-the-Roof, and the Six Bullerby Children (Children of Noisy Village in the US), and for the children’s fantasy novels Mio, My Son, Ronia the Robber’s Daughter, and The Brothers Lionheart. Lindgren worked on the Children’s Literature Editorial Board at the Rabén & Sjögren publishing house in Stockholm and wrote more than 30 books for children.[4] In January 2017, she was calculated to be the world’s 18th most translated author,[5] and the fourth most translated children’s writer after Enid Blyton, Hans Christian Andersen and the Brothers Grimm. Lindgren has so far sold roughly 165 million books worldwide. In 1994, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for “her unique authorship dedicated to the rights of children and respect for their individuality.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrid_Lindgren

These files were delivered to Lena Törnqvist/Astrid Lindgren museum.

FinApple 2020 (c)
Apple /// Forever.

 

Apple ProFile repairs:

fin_profile_logo_side_s

Just some thoghts about few Apple Profile hardisks i had repaired recently. Basicly all of them needed new safety capasitors (aka “Rifa’s”) on their power supplies, some cleaning and even trying to repair and gluing the broken case back together.

Drive #1 (from Spain)

This one i’ve had for some years. I originally got it with early 12v model Apple /// (that i no longer have). The drive had it’s case broken during transporation but it did work. So i opened this to do some repairs to the case, clean inside and do some mainantance for the power supply by replacing the safety capasitors.

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Oh boy.. was this thing FILTHY! Lots of dust absolutely EVERYWHERE inside. Just insane. Lots of cleaning to be done…the logic board was so dusty i could not even read the text from chips or board itself.

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Power supply had almost blown Rifa’s on it. Good timing to swap those. Should never power up anything with these on before replacing them….

 spa_profile_hdd_s

The case itself was also dusty and had lots of black dust from the motor. Cleaning time…

 spa_corner

I did what i could and glued the pieces i had left to the case – it’s not pefect but that will have to do. 

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Atleast the case holds up now a bit better.

spa_profile_bottom_part_corner

Every possible corner of the drive was broken….

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The drive itself worked after the cleanup and power supply repairs. It was SOS formatted but erased and empty.

 

Drive #2 (Sweden)

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When i received this Profile earlier this year, i booted it with the /// and found Catalyst menu. When accessing the installed software the safety capasitors (aka “Rifa’s”) exploded… lots of smoke and nasty popcorn smell. It took some days to get rid of that smell..  That wasn’t even all, the ///’s power supply did the same a bit later – so it was time to get the soldering iron and get to work!

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Opened up the drive & took some photos for documentation (good practise). The drive was quite clean inside, just some dust but nothing compared to the “Spanish” Profile…

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The power supply pcb was really difficult to remove. Those screws were really stuck due some locking glue/paint on them and took lots of time removing them. 

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One safety capasitor had blown but i changed them all as i had the parts:

0,01uF (2pcs)
0,1uF  (1pcs)
0,47uF (1pcs)

 

swe_lots_of_solder_s

Lots of caps in this board were soldered really annoyingly as the legs been bent towards the pcb itself, like in “L” shape. Took lots of time to remove some of these. Also they used A LOT of solder at factory. Good practice if nothing else.

After that did just overall cleaning for the case and put it back. 

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Hope the drive itself is still readable, it does make horrible noise when it’s spinning. Sounds like the hardisk bearings (?) are about the give in. There’s some bad blocks on that drive as well. Should backup that….

Drive #3 (Finland)

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This Profile i found locally and the unit itself is pretty clean.

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Did the same mainantance to it as the others, new safety capasitors and cleaning. The drive was really clean, only the analog board was bit dusty. Quick job and we’re done.

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The drive inside after just a bit of cleaning.

Any data on it?

It was nice to notice that the Profile drives can be reasonably “quiet” as well.. Felt like a new drive compared to the other ones. Found that that the disk was ProDOS-formatted, but SOS is able to read it. There were some Apple II data on it, the typical Appleworks data, some basic programs and games. Too bad i do not have Apple II profile interface card – but the data can be preserved with theh Apple /// as well.

..and ADTpro fails.

I installed the Uthernet II and used ADTpro 2.0.3 (for SOS) with Uthernet II activated. However, it would read about 60-80 blocks then start to give errors (XXXXXX). Transfered one DOS 3.3 floppy without any problems. hmm… what gives? Transfering whole 9728 block hdd would really take long time so another solution was needed…

fin_data_s

So, let’s just filecopy then.

I thought to use Robert Justice’s disk “SOS System Utils” with Problock3 driver. I had Booti-card in slot #2 with empty ProDOS 16MB HDD-image on it. Added regular .PROFILE driver to floppy. Checked and changed the name and slot settings for the profile drivers so they don’t conflict with each other.

File copy:
.PROFILE2 /PROFILE – interface card, driver and profile drive (prodos)
.PROFILE1 /HDD16MB – booti + usb + 16MB prodos hdd image 
->File copy

Copy the files:
.PROFILE2/=
To the files:
.PROFILE1/=

Took only few minutes and we’re done.

Cables and interface cards:

profile_interface_card_1984_s

I honesty didn’t know this – well i haven’t used the Profile very often so it hadn’t been something i’ve worked closely with. But. There are two different types, revisions if you will, Profile interface cards for the Apple ///.

Early card:
-DM1 and DM1 are 330 Ohm resistor arrays.
-Made before Oct. 1983.

Later card:
-DM1 and DM1 resistor arrays changed from 330 Ohm to 100 Ohm.
-Made after October 1983.

Cables: 
590-0046 Flat for either card type 100 or 330 Ohmm resistors.
590-0202 RFI shilded for only the new 100 Ohm resistor interface card.

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“Tower of /// Power”

I’m looking for Profile Interface card for the Apple II (820-5006).

FinApple 2020 (c)
Apple /// Forever.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Booti – card with Apple ///

booti_for_apple_iii_s

Booti – card by David Mutimer is nice small card (or two parted card) for Apple II. It is smartport/blockdevice card meaning you are able to use it as (ProDOS) HDD. It’s NOT a floppy emulator.

The support for Apple /// is based on Problock v0.0.4 beta by Robert Justice who also provided driver boot floppy images as well HDD images. See his github for more details (link at the end).

booti-card_apple_3_s

The card fits really nicely without any problems inside the Apple ///. Some cards like CFFA3000 and CFFA2 had their problems before. It’s very tiny card.

I installed the Booti – card to my “main” /// to see if would work in different scenarios and emulations (expect CP/M that i didn’t get around testing).

My setup:
-Softcard /// (#1)
-Titan /// plus (#2)
-Titan /// plus //e (#3)
-Booti (#4)
-Clock chip/batteries
-OnThree 512k RAM expansion

-Booti = Slot 4 + extention cable for USB – memory (get’s the USB – memory outside of the case, more convinient surely)
-Setup to Blockmode 

Robert is offering these images at his github:

selector.start_pb3.dsk – a Selector boot disk with the driver preloaded.
sos_selector_hd.zip – a 16mb po file for use with the above disk
bosboot_pb3.dsk – a bos boot disk with the driver preloaded
bos_cffa_32.hd – MAME hd file for CFFA2 with /BOS & /HOME.
bos.po.zip – a 16mb po file with BOS for use with BOOTI

configuration_menu_s

Files needed:

-Setup the Booti with “bos.po”- a 16mb po file with BOS for use with BOOTI
-Boot floppy “bosboot_pb3.dsk” – a BOS-boot disk with the driver preloaded.

The driver works with according to Robert:

-CFFA v1.3 – The CF Card needs to be formatted for Apple2 mode. This means 32mb partitions which are  problematic with SOS.
-CFFA v2 – Only tested with MAME emulation. The CF Card needs to be formatted for Apple2 mode. This means  32mb partitions which are problematic with SOS. . In MAME, if you use the option to mount a 16mb .2mg or .po image directly, then it works well.
-Booti – Tested with the card set to block mode
-CFFA3000 – Works ok booting Selector and sysutils, but will not work with BOS for some as yet undetermined reason
-Focus – Only tested with the MAME emulation

There is also cards like ClassicIDE that is basicly clone of the CFFA2. 

 

Setup/regular Apple ///

-Boot with Apple II emulation (48k) floppy (built-in)
-Boot Apple II floppy > break 
-Go to monitor > CALL -151
* 42:FF N CX0AG (where X=slot where booti card is installed)
-> Configuration menu
-> Choose the HDD image “bos.po” in this case
-Boot with boot floppy i.e. “bosboot_pb3.dsk” (make real floppy or use suitable emulator with adapter cable)

Setup with Titan cards installed:

-Boot with TITAN emulation floppy. 
-Boot BOOTI firwmware update disk in //e mode 
-BRUN FS (doesn’t work everytime for some reason)
-> Configuration menu
-> Choose HDD image

Or you can access the menu from monitor:

-Boot with TITAN emulation floppy.
-Start //e emulation > break
-Go to monitor > CALL -151
* 42:FF N CX0AG (where X=slot where the booti card is installed)
-> Configuration menu
-> Choose HDD image.

 

 

Apple /// mode:

hdd_working_s

I was able to boot the BOS-HDD image and load all software preinstalled to the image. This is really awesome solution compared to anything else! I am not fan of configuring partitions and formats to CF – cards..

 

Apple //e mode (Titan):

a3_total_replay_s

Under the Titan, Apple //e emumation i tested the recent brilliant collection of games, “Total Replay” and it worked as well! I just would need joystick installed to my emulation card in order to play the games.

 

What next?

Robert have shown videos where he is able to boot the HDD image *directly* from the USB-memory.  He’s developing custom ROM for the /// that will allow him to do just that. That is what have been in dreams of Apple /// user’s since 1980. Direct boot from HDD. Nice!

 

LINKS:

https://github.com/robjustice/Problock3
https://github.com/robjustice/Problock3/releases

 

Apple /// forever!
FinApple 2020 (c)

Apple /// – The ReActiveMicro Drive/Turbo IDE Controller

“We offer the ReActiveMicro Drive/Turbo IDE Controller in several configurations. It can come fully setup “Plug And Play” ready with a presetup 512MB CF Card and Dual CF Card Adapter. Just install the card in your Apple //e enhanced and boot to ProDOS or GS/OS. Or you can buy the card with or without the IDE to Dual CF Adapter and CF Card”. (reactivemicro.com)

 

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Thanks to Henry Courbis/Reactivemicro, i got my hands on the latest (under development) firmware that should allow the card to be used with other than Apple //e enhanced and Apple IIGS -models.

I tested the card with ][+ and ][ europlus (64k), and it worked fine as ProDOS hdd and all software loaded up nicely what i went thru of. My good ol’ europlus give it’s magic some while testing – that was first time for me ever. It gave nice popcorn smell for the room..

There is no driver for Apple /// so it would not obiously work with the /// but, as i happen to have the Titan Plus /// and Titan Plus //e cards installed, i thought to try the card under //e 128k emulation.

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Installed in vacant slot 4.

It does work, kind of. It crashes occationally, not totally sure why as of yet. But i was able to load bunch of software and games from the ProDOS 32Mb partition. 

prodos_loaded_s

-Titan //e emulation floppy booted
-Start //e emulation
->RESET<
-PR#4,1 (Slot 4, Partition 1 for the ProDOS hdd partition)
-Loads up the ProDOS 2.4.2 menu system
-Loading software/games (Karateka, Choplifter etc).

karateka_a3_s

“Karateka”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHctOJn8Jmk

The built-in Apple ][+ emulation mode would not work with the card due the silly limation of 48k RAM on it.

So.. hope somebody makes driver for the card so it can be used as HDD in /// mode as well….
 

FinApple 2019 (c)
Apple II Forever.